Crimean Khanate, the first democratic and secular Islamic state in the world; Crimean Tatars’ ethnogenesis, society, culture and language developed at this time.
The independent state of the Crimean Tatars was abolished. At thetime of the Russian annexation, 98% of the population was comprisedof Crimean Tatars.
The extensive migration of Crimean Tatars to Turkish areas (up to 250,000 people), which was caused primarily by the
redistribution of land and religious discrimination. At the same time, the settlement of Russians (and other peoples from the Russian Empire, incl. Estonians) to Crimea.
The national awakening of the Crimean Tatars.
The First Kurultay, the representative body of the Crimean Tatars,
an independent Republic of Crimea is established.
The Peoples’ Republic of Crimea is abolished by Russia. During
the mass destruction and famine that followed (1921–22) up to
175,000 people perished.
The Crimean ASSR is created which is part of the Russian SFSR.
Almost all the Crimean Tatars are deported from Crimea,
primarily to Central Asia. They are forbidden from returning home.
The Crimean ASSR is abolished and the Crimean Oblast is
The Crimean Oblast is transferred to the Ukrainian SSR.
The Crimean Tatars are rehabilitated; and the accusations against
the people are declared unfounded. They are granted the right to
return to their homeland, although this is actually impossible.
The deportation of the Crimean Tatars is declared to have been
unlawful and massive return of Crimean Tatars begins.
The autonomy of Crimea is restored.
The Second Kurultay, the representative body of the Crimean Tatars,
is established. A declaration of independence is adopted, and the
Mejlis, the highest governing body, is elected.
Russia occupies Crimea.
Mejlis of Crimean Tatar people declared extremist organization and
banned by occupying authorities in Crimea.
Russia’s Supreme Court upholds decision to ban Mejlis.